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Greater Manchester Police Data

Recorded Crime Statistics

A wealth of information on police recorded crime statistics can be found at the Home Office’s Research, Development and Statistics department website:-

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/recordedcrime1.html

Much of what follows is taken from this site. Elsewhere, the annual government publication, Crime in England and Wales is also an excellent source of information on crime counting and categorisation, and extracts from this have also been used here.

The crime recording process is governed by three key stages:

Reporting a crime: someone reports to the police that a crime has been committed or the police observe or discover a crime. In these cases the police should register a crime-related incident, and then decide whether to record it as a crime. From April 2002, the police comply with the National Crime Recording Standard in making this decision, although generally the police would record these reports of crime if they amount to a ‘notifiable’ offence and there is no credible evidence to the contrary. To clarify here, a ‘notifiable’ offence is any offence where there a Police Force a requirement to notify the Home Office in regular statistical returns. A selection of more minor offences (the kind that can only be dealt with in a magistrates’ court rather than a Crown court, and the kind that mostly could not result in a severe court penalty such as imprisonment) are excluded from this.

Recording a crime: the police decide to record the report of a crime and now need to determine how many crimes to record and what their offence types are. The Home Office issues rules to police forces on the counting and classification of crime. These Counting Rules for Recorded Crime are mostly straightforward, as most crimes are counted as ‘one crime per victim’ and the offence committed is obvious (e.g. a domestic burglary). However, it also covers special situations where more than one offence has taken place, maybe on several occasions over a period of time, or there is more than one offender or victim. A copy of the latest counting rules is available on the Home Office website at http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/countrules.html.

Detecting a crime: once a crime is recorded and investigated, and evidence is collected to link the crime to a suspect, it can be detected according to criteria contained in Detections Guidance within the Home Office counting rules. In many cases, someone is charged or cautioned or the court has taken the offence into consideration (TIC). The detections guidance covers these detection methods as well as certain others where the police take no further action. The guidance covering these latter methods are stringent, relying on a sufficient amount of evidence that if given in court would be likely to result in a conviction, and in most cases approval by a senior officer.

Data presented on this site relating to police recorded crime relates to a large slice of what is recorded as crime data. Rather than presenting every single count of every single crime category, the site shows figures that relate to 10 key crime types. These are not chosen at random, but rather to reflect how the Government has chosen to measure ‘performance’ of all UK Forces. The data presented in Singlepoint reflects what is known as the “British Crime Survey Comparator Crime.” This is a total number of police recorded crimes based on a set of offences that most closely matches 'All Crime' as defined by the British Crime Survey, conducted annually in England and Wales to gauge the experiences and opinion of a representative sample of people across the country. The Home Office introduced this method of data collection in 2004/05 and all Police Forces can compare their figures on a like-for-like basis.

The 10 key crime types that are covered in the Singlepoint system are as follows;

  • Common assault
  • Wounding
  • Domestic burglary
  • Robbery of personal property
  • Theft from person
  • Theft from a vehicle
  • Theft or unauthorised taking of motor vehicle
  • Theft or unauthorised taking of pedal cycle
  • Vehicle interference and tampering
  • Criminal damage


  • Violent Offences

    Common assault

    Relates to assault with minor injury and assault with no injury.

    Wounding

    There are two types of wounding classifications used for recorded crime. The more serious are those offences committed with intent to do grievous bodily harm and are classified as ‘wounding or other act endangering life’. Those of assault occasioning actual bodily harm are classified in the ‘other wounding’ category. The definition in the BCS is similar: wounding is a category of comparable violence that includes ‘serious wounding’ involving intentionally inflicted severe injuries, and ‘other wounding’, involving less serious injury or severe injuries inflicted unintentionally.

    Acquisitive Offences

    Domestic burglary

    Burglary – An offence of burglary is recorded by the police if a person enters any building as a trespasser and with intent to commit an offence of theft, grievous bodily harm or unlawful damage. Burglary does not necessarily involve forced entry; it may be through an open window, or by entering the property under false pretences (e.g. impersonating an official). Burglary does not cover theft by a person who is entitled to be in the dwelling at the time of the offence (see theft in a dwelling). The dwelling is a house, flat or any connected outhouse or garage. Common areas (e.g. hallways) are not included. Figures on recorded crime are provided separately for burglaries that occur in domestic properties and those which occur in commercial or other properties.

    Robbery of personal property

    Robbery – An incident or offence in which force or the threat of force is used either during or immediately prior to a theft or attempted theft. Recorded crime offences are distinguished between robbery of personal property and business property. Robbery of business property is a recorded crime classification where goods stolen belong to a business or other corporate body (such as a bank or a shop), regardless of the location of the robbery. If there is no use or threat of force an offence of theft from the person is recorded

    Theft from person

    Theft from the person – Theft (including attempts) of a purse, wallet, cash etc. directly from the person of the victim, but without physical force or the threat of it.

    Theft from a vehicle

    Theft or unauthorised taking of motor vehicle

    Vehicle interference and tampering

    Recorded vehicle crimes include offences of theft of or from a vehicle, aggravated vehicle taking, and vehicle interference and tampering.

    Theft or unauthorised taking of pedal cycle

    PENDING DESC

    Damage Offences

    Criminal damage

    Criminal damage results from any person who without lawful excuse destroys or damages any property belonging to another, intending to destroy or damage any such property or being reckless as to whether any such property would be destroyed or damaged. Separate recorded crime figures exist for criminal damage to a dwelling, to a building other than a dwelling, to a vehicle and other criminal damage. Combined figures are also published for racially or religiously aggravated criminal damage.

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